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Works Cited


General Rules

1. Center the title Works Cited at the top.

2. Alphabetize the list by the authors’ last names. If there is more than one author for a single work, only the first author is last-name-first. If there is no author, alphabetize by the first main word (skip ‘a’, ‘an’, or ‘the’) of the title .

3. Do NOT number or bullet each entry.

4. The first line of each entry should be flush with the left margin. The following lines are indented by five spaces (hanging indent).

5. A period goes after EACH section of the citation (Author. Title. Publication Information. Medium.).

6. Titles of articles or web pages should be in italics, unless they are part of a larger site, in which case they should be enclosed by quotation marks. Titles of books, journals, larger sites, or databases should be italicized. All major words in a title should be capitalized.

7. All Dates are written as day month year, with no punctuation between except for period after the month abbreviation. Only May, June, and July are fully written out 

Example: 26 Oct. 2009.

8. The seventh edition of the MLA Handbook recommends the omission of URLs for online sources, based on their tendency to change, as well as the difficulty of copying them accurately. However, they are optional, so an instructor may require their inclusion. If so, place them after the Date of Access and enclose them in angle brackets, followed by a period.

Example: <http://www.url.htm>.

9. The seventh edition of the MLA Handbook now requires the inclusion of the medium of the source (e.g.: Print. Web. etc.).

10.  Indicate missing data by using the appropriate abbreviation:  n.d. (no date), n.p. (no publisher; no place), n. pag. (no page numbers).

Arrange the pieces of a citation as follows:

1. Arrange information for an Internet source in the following sequence:

 Authorlastname, Firstname (or Organization). “Title of Page.” Title of Larger Site. Day Month Year of 
           electronic publication/last update. Web. Day Month Year of access. <http://www.url.htm>.

2.  Arrange information for an article in an online database in the following sequence:

           Author’s Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Periodical Title. Date of publication: 
                    Page numbers. Title of the Database. Web. Day Month Year of access.

3. Arrange information for an online image in the following sequence:

 Artistlastname, Firstname. Title of Image. Year created. "Page Title." Title of Website. Web.
        Day Month Year of access.

4. Arrange information for a print magazine article in the following sequence:

Authorlastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Magazine Title Day Month Year: Page numbers. Print.

5. Arrange information for a print article in a scholarly journal in the following sequence:

Authorlastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Journal Title Volume #.Issue # (Year): Page numbers. Print.

6. Arrange information for a book in the following sequence:                     

Authorlastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place: Publisher, Date. Pages. Print.

Changes in MLA 7th ed.

1. Use italics for titles of larger pieces (web sites, books, periodicals, databases, etc.), not underlining.
2. Add the medium of each source (Print.  DVD. etc.), usually at the end of the citation. For web sources, insert the medium (Web.) before the date of access.




The following information is obtained from your Write Source 2000handbook. Copies are available from your Language Arts teacher or from the Keeley Library. You are to follow this form when writing a works cited or bibliography page for your reports.

A sample research paper is also available.

Works-Cited Page

A works-cited page (also called a bibliography) lists in alphabetical order the books and materials you have used in your report. Follow your teacher's guidelines and those in this section. Double-space the information you include in your works-cited page. The second line of each entry should be indented 1/2 inch (5 typed spaces); this is called a hanging indent. Underline titles and other words that would be italicized in print.

• Books--A typical listing for a book

Author (last name first). Title of the book. City where book is published: Publisher, copyright date.

• Magazines--A typical listing for a magazine

Author (last name first). "Title of the article." Title of the magazine day month year: page numbers.


Sample Works-Cited Entries

One Author

Gravett, Christopher. The World of the Medieval Knight. New York: Peter

     Bedrick Books, 1996.

Two or Three Authors

McKissack, Patricia C., and Fredrick McKissack, Jr. Black Diamond: The Story

      of the Negro Baseball Leagues. New York: Scholastic, 1994.

More Than Three Authors or Editors

Busbey, Arthur B., et al. Rocks and Fossils. San Francisco: Time-Life Books,


Single Work from an Anthology

Headlam, Dave. "Blues Transformations in the Music of Cream."      

     Understanding Rock: Essays in Musical Analysis. Ed. John Covach. New  

     York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

One Volume of a Multivolume Work

McMahon, Thomas, ed. Authors and Artists for Young Adults. Vol. 20. Detroit:

     Gale Research, 1997.

Encyclopedia Article

Barr, William. "Northwest Passage." World Book Encyclopedia. 1998 ed.

Signed Article in a Magazine

Safer, Barbara. "Secret Messages." Cricket Sept. 1998: 29-33.

Unsigned Article in a Magazine

"Deadly by Nature." World June 1998: 20-23.

Signed Newspaper Article

Salemy, Shirley. "Plan Will Aid Children." Des Moines Register 2 Sept. 1998,

     sec. M: 1.

Unsigned Editorial or Story

"Russia on the Verge." Editorial. New York Times 1 Sept. 1998, sec. A: 25.

Note: For an unsigned story, simply omit the word"Editorial."

Government Publication

United States. General Services Administration. Consumer Information

     Catalogue. Pueblo, CO: GPO, 1997.

Reference Book on CD-ROM

Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. Danbury, CT: Grolier I

     nteractive, 1998.

Signed Pamphlet

Grayson, George W. The North American Free Trade Agreement. New York: 

     Foreign Policy Association, Inc., 1993.

Filmstrip, Slide Program, Videocassette

Island of the Giant Bears. Videocassette. National Geographic, 1995. 59 min.

Television or Radie

Hoversten, Paul. "Life on Mir, or, roughing it on the 'frontier.'" Florida Today:

     Space Online. 20 Aug. 1997. 10 Sept. 1998 

     <http://www.flatoday.com/space/explore/stories/1997b/ 082097c.htm>.


Irving, Washington. The Adventures of Captain Bonneville.  UIarchive. July

     1988. Project Gutenberg. 31 Aug. 1998

     <ftp://uiarchive.cso.uiuc.edu/pub/etext/gutenberg/etext98/ taocbl0.txt>.


Write Source. <[email protected]>. "Citing Internet sources." 4 Sept. 1998. E-

     mail to the author. 8 Sept. 1998.

Web Site

Camp Swift. Kathy Kincheloe, Web manager. 31 Mar. 1998. Bastrop Middle

     School. 1 Sept. 1998

o Program



"Crime and Punishment." Nightline in Primetime. ABC. WKOW, Madison, WI.

     3 Sept. 1998.



Sample Internet Entries

Internet entries are more complicated than other sources and require more attention to detail. See the sample entries below. (Also check our Web site for additional entries at http://thewritesource.com/

Items in an On-Line Entry

Author or editor. <E-mail address>. "Post title." Book title. Editor (if not listed earlier). Printed version information (if any). Site title or description. Administrator. Version number, volume, issue, etc. Post date, or last update. Listserv or forum name. Site sponsor. Date accessed. <Electronic address>.





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